Document Type: Original Article
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences & Education, Razi University of Kermanshah, Kermanshah, Iran
Research Center of Social Development & Health Promotion, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Introduction: Type 2 diabetes is a common chronic disease that can have irreparable complications for patients if not controlled. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of self-compassion group training on the hope of patients with type 2 diabetes referred to Taleghani Diabetes Clinic of Kermanshah.
Method: The present experimental study had a pre-test post-test design with a control group. The statistical population included patients with type 2 diabetes who had referred to the Diabetes Clinic of Kermanshah in 2017.Among them, 32 were selected by convenience sampling method and were determined according to the inclusion criteria; and 20 patients were randomly assigned to two experimental and control groups (each group with 10 samples). The self-compassion training was provided for the experimental group during 8 sessions (90 minutes per session), but the control group did not receive any training. Data was collected by Miller Hope Scale (MHS); and the univariate analysis of covariance with SPSS 21were utilized for data analysis.
Results: The mean values of pre-test of hope variable were statistically equal in both groups; and equal to 199.60 and 197.30 in post-test and follow-up periods respectively for the experimental group. They were significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Self-compassion group training is a determinant of hope in diabetics. Therefore, therapists and psychologists are suggested to use this method to increase hope in diabetics.