PhD Student in Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
PhD, Professor of Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background and Purpose: Today, many psychologists have confirmed the healing role of religion and spirituality and its impact on the mental health. Therefore, the present study has been performed to design and develop the religious model of the stress management according to Quran and Hadith. Method: The method of the study, due to ruling framework, is the qualitative method used the conventional content analysis of the verses of Quran and Hadith. In the content analysis method, there has been used the term “the selection of analysis resources” instead of the research population that the analysis resources in this study are included Holy Quran, Mizan al-Hekmah, Usul –alKafi and Thematic Interpretation of Holy Quran by Javadi Amoli. First of all, according to the experts of Quranic sciences, the analysis resources are merely used to extract the statements and their extraction types. Then, there has been determined the key words of the word of “stress” in Arabic in the Islamic resources (including warn, painful, dire, liver, alboads, adversity, fear, sin, sorrow, tax, purchase, regret, sadness, joyless, abject) and hereafter, the information have been coded into sheets by open coding of the analysis units. In the next step, after interviewing and providing the expert panel based on the extracted categories, there has been referred to 20 experts and psychologists who are familiar with religious and psychological resources. They have been asked to give their opinions about the categories of statements and specific items and their prioritization. Then, to achieve the reliability between encodes, after giving the clear definition of the items and training three experts to code the items and categories, the agreement (reliability) level has been evaluated 76% between the codes. Finally, according to the items and categories of the experts, there has been extracted a conceptual mode from them. Findings: According to the analysis of the verses of Quran and Islamic traditions, the stress management strategies are divided into four general methods: cognitive, behavioral, emotional and multiple-way strategies that each of these methods includes more detailed indicators. Among the cognitive methods: belief in the wisdom of Allah and having stability with insight; among behavioral methods or strategies: patience, praying, repentance, forgiveness, reading Quran and being obedient to commands of Allah in Quran; among emotional strategies: fear of Allah, humbleness before Allah, having hope when involvement and among the multi-way methods: stress management and the strategies to trust in Allah, remembrance of Allah, virtue, praying and charity are respectively the best strategies for the stress management.