Department of clinical Psychology, Faulty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Kharazmi, Tehran, Iran
Department of clinical Psychology, Faulty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences University of Allameh Tabatabaei, Tehran, Iran
Department of guidance and counseling psychology, Faulty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
AbstractIntroduction: Mindfulness plays an important role in improving psychological functions of chronic patients. Therefore the aim of this study was investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on symptoms of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress in patients with HIV/ AIDS.Method: This was an experimental design with pre-test, post-test along with follow-up group. Using convenience sampling 30 HIV/ AIDS patients were selected. They were randomly assigned into two groups of experiment and control. The experimental group underwent mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy within two months. The scores of Beck Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) , Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Impact of Event Scale - Revised (IES-R), were collected from the two groups in pre-test, post-test and in a two-month follow up. Data were analyzed using mixed analysis of variance test. Results: Results in the post-test and follow up indicated that MBSR in experimental group, significantly reduced symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (P˂0.05), anxiety (P˂0.05) and depression (P˂0.05) in HIV/ AIDS patients.Conclusion: Results of this study revealed the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction on psychological functions in patients with HIV. According to these results and the mechanism of its effectiveness, this therapy can have good therapeutic implications.Keywords: mindfulness based stress reduction, anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, HIV/AIDS.