Effectiveness of mindfulness-based Stress reduction (MBSR) on anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms in patients with HIV/ AIDS

Authors

1 Department of clinical Psychology, Faulty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Kharazmi, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of clinical Psychology, Faulty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences University of Allameh Tabatabaei, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of guidance and counseling psychology, Faulty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

AbstractIntroduction: Mindfulness plays an important role in improving psychological functions of chronic patients. Therefore the aim of this study was investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on symptoms of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress in patients with HIV/ AIDS.Method: This was an experimental design with pre-test, post-test along with follow-up group. Using convenience sampling 30 HIV/ AIDS patients were selected. They were randomly assigned into two groups of experiment and control. The experimental group underwent mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy within two months.  The scores of Beck Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) , Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)  and Impact of Event Scale - Revised (IES-R), were collected from the two groups in pre-test, post-test and in a two-month follow up. Data were analyzed using mixed analysis of variance test. Results: Results in the post-test and follow up indicated that MBSR in experimental group, significantly reduced symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder  (P˂0.05), anxiety (P˂0.05) and depression (P˂0.05) in HIV/ AIDS patients.Conclusion: Results of this study revealed the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction on psychological functions in patients with HIV. According to these results and the mechanism of its effectiveness, this therapy can have good therapeutic implications.Keywords: mindfulness based stress reduction, anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress, HIV/AIDS.