Death Depression and Death Anxiety in Hospitalized Cardiovascular Patients: The Predictive Role of Mental Disorders’ Symptoms

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

Department of Psychology, University of Lorestan, Khorramabad, Iran

10.30491/ijbs.2021.278934.1512

Abstract

Introduction: Mental disorders’ symptoms affect bio-psycho-social and spiritual conditions in cardiovascular patients. The current research has aimed to investigate the role of mental disorders’ symptoms in the prediction of death depression and death among hospitalized cardiovascular patients.
Method: The study was carried out as a correlational work. The statistical population consisted of all cardiovascular patients admitted to Shahid Madani Hospital of Khorramabad in 2019. For this purpose, a sample of 183 patients (107 males, 46 females) were selected by convenience sampling method. The participants filled out the Derogatis SCL-90-R, Templer Death Depression Scale, and Templer Death Anxiety Scale. Data was analyzed through logistic regression method using SPSS-22 software.
Results: The results indicate that the proportion of death depression and death anxiety in hospitalized patients with cardiovascular disease significantly increases with depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive thoughts, and higher age. In addition, the results of logistic regression analysis revealed that depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive thoughts, and higher age significantly predict 27.5% to 30.9% and 22.3% to 29.2% of the variance of death anxiety and death depression, respectively (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Evaluation of mental disorders in hospitalized cardiovascular patients is recommended to obtain a more reliable prognosis and treatment.

Keywords


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