Internet Addiction and Marital Satisfaction among Urban Couples

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

Department of Psychology, St Francis de Sales College, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

10.30491/ijbs.2021.268862.1460

Abstract

Introduction: The present study focused on measuring the relationship between internet addiction and marital satisfaction among couples residing in Urban Bangalore. Internet addiction has attracted increasing attention in the popular media and among researchers.
Method: A mixed method study was conducted among 104 couples residing in Urban Bangalore identified through convenient and purposive sampling. In phase 1, The Young’s Internet Addiction Test and ENRICH Marital satisfaction scale were administered on couples to measure marital satisfaction and internet addiction. In phase 2, interviews were conducted based on open ended questions developed by the researchers to identify the role of internet in relationship values, communication and happiness.
Results: Pearson’s product moment Correlation was used for Phase 1 and thematic and content analysis for Phase 2.  The findings from Phase 1 revealed a weak correlation between marital satisfaction and Internet addiction among couples, weak negative correlation between marital satisfaction and Internet addiction in the case of wives and weak correlation between marital satisfaction and Internet addiction in husbands. The thematic analysis showed positive and negative effects of the Internet on relationship values, communication and happiness among couples.
Conclusion: The present study helps to understand whether a relationship exists between Internet addiction and marital satisfaction and reflects on how Internet has affected relationship values, communication and happiness among urban married couples.

Keywords


  1. Bremer J. The internet and children: advantages and disadvantages. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2005; 14(3):405-28, viii.
  2. Shaw M, Black DW. Internet addiction: definition, assessment, epidemiology and clinical management. CNS Drugs. 2008; 22(5):353-65.
  3. Young KS. Psychology of computer use: XL. Addictive use of the Internet: a case that breaks the stereotype. Psychol Rep. 1996; 79(3 Pt 1):899-902.
  4. Tallman I, Hsiao Y-L. Resources, Cooperation, and Problem Solving In Early Marriage. Social Psychology Quarterly. 2004; 67(2):172-88.
  5. Sorokowski P, Randall AK, Groyecka A, Frackowiak T, Cantarero K, Hilpert P, et al. Marital Satisfaction, Sex, Age, Marriage Duration, Religion, Number of Children, Economic Status, Education, and Collectivistic Values: Data from 33 Countries. Frontiers in Psychology. 2017; 8(1199).
  6. Schumm WR, Webb FJ, Bollman SR. Gender and marital satisfaction: data from the National Survey of Families and Households. Psychol Rep. 1998; 83(1):319-27.
  7. Rostami A, Ghazinour M, Nygren L, Richter J. Marital Satisfaction With a Special Focus on Gender Differences in Medical Staff in Tehran, Iran. Journal of Family Issues. 2014; 35(14):1940-58.
  8. Kurdek LA. The nature and predictors of the trajectory of change in marital quality for husbands and wives over the first 10 years of marriage. Dev Psychol. 1999; 35(5):1283-96.
  9. Lavner JA, Bradbury TN. Patterns of Change in Marital Satisfaction Over the Newlywed Years. J Marriage Fam. 2010; 72(5):1171-87.
  10. Marks L. How Does Religion Influence Marriage? Christian, Jewish, Mormon, and Muslim Perspectives. Marriage & Family Review. 2005; 38(1):85-111.
  11. Parker TS, Wampler KS. How Bad Is It? Perceptions of the Relationship Impact of Different Types of Internet Sexual Activities. Contemporary Family Therapy. 2003; 25(4):415-29.
  12. Schneider JP. Effects of cybersex addiction on the family: Results of a survey. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity. 2000; 7(1-2):31-58.
  13. Abdul Aziz N, Sallehuddin I, Hassan NA, Buhari N. Disconnected Marriage, Connected Internet: Exploring Internet Addiction among Married Men and Women in Selangor, Malaysia. 2016.
  14. Nie N, Hillygus DS, Erbring L. Internet Use, Interpersonal Relations, and Sociability: A Time Diary Study. 2008. p. 213-43.
  15. Mesch G, Talmud I. The Quality of Online and Offline Relationships: The Role of Multiplexity and Duration of Social Relationships. Inf Soc. 2006; 22:137-48.
  16. Mojaz ZH, Paydar MRZ, Ebrahimi M, editors. The Relationship between Internet Addiction and the Use of Facebook with Marital Satisfaction and Emotional Divorce among Married University Students.2015.
  17. Kraut R, Patterson M, Lundmark V, Kiesler S, Mukopadhyay T, Scherlis W. Internet paradox. A social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological well-being? Am Psychol. 1998;53(9):1017-31.
  18. Beard KW. Internet addiction: a review of current assessment techniques and potential assessment questions. Cyberpsychol Behav. 2005;8(1):7-14.
  19. Alavi SS, Eslami M, Maracy MR, Najafi M, Jannatifard F, Rezapour H. Psychometric Properties of Young Internet Addiction Test. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2010; 4(3 (13)):-.
  20. Lin MP, Ko HC, Wu JY. Prevalence and psychosocial risk factors associated with internet addiction in a nationally representative sample of college students in Taiwan. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2011; 14(12):741-6.
  21. Ahmadi K. Influences of family on the use of internet. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2011;4(4):327-33.
  22. Cooper A. Sexuality and the Internet: Surfing into the new millennium. CyberPsychology & Behavior. 1998;1(2):187-93.
  23. Rajaei M, Heidari H. Relationship between Internet Addiction and Marital Satisfaction and Disaffection in Married Students of Islamic Azad University, Khomeini Shahr Branch in 2015. Community Health Journal. 2017;11(1):69-77.
  24. Helsper EJ, Whitty MT. Netiquette within married couples: Agreement about acceptable online behavior and surveillance between partners. Computers in Human Behavior. 2010; 26(5):916-26.