Predicting Adolescents' Resiliency Rate Based on Parenting Styles Mediated by the Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Departemant of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabi University , Tehran, Iran

2 Departemant of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Departemant of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

10.30491/ijbs.2020.213173.1182

Abstract

Abstract

Introduction: This study was conducted aiming at predicting adolescents' resiliency based on parenting styles mediated by basic psychological needs satisfaction.
Method: This study has a descriptive-correlational method with structural equation modeling. The statistical population comprises of all female students of first and second grade high school in the district 21 of Tehran. Using convenience sampling method, 196 students were selected. Connor-Davidson Resiliency Scale, Baumrind's Parenting Styles Questionnaire and Deci and Ryan's Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction Scale were used. The data were analyzed by path analysis.
Results: The findings revealed that the direct path of authoritarian parenting style to basic needs, direct path of authoritarian parenting style to resiliency, authoritative parenting style to resiliency and the basic psychological needs to resiliency were significant. The results also showed that the indirect effect of authoritarian parenting style on resiliency through basic psychological needs was significant. The model fit was confirmed with the data and the relationship between three variables of parenting styles, basic psychological needs and resiliency was also confirmed.
Conclusion: Adolescent resiliency can be predicted based on authoritarian parenting style mediated by basic psychological needs. It will be useful for raising parents' awareness of proper parenting style and paying attention to children's basic needs and thus increasing their resiliency in life.

Keywords