Effectiveness of the Democratic Relation Instruction to Mothers on Psychological Capital of Daughters


1 Ph.D. Candidate in Educational Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran


Background & aim: Psychological capital is one of the new concepts discussed nowadays. In fact, the design of this approach reflects its significance in the field of social capital. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of teaching democratic relationships to parents on female high school students’ psychological capital.Materials and methods: The present study was conducted through the quasi-experimental method using pre and posttest and control group. The statistical population of this study includes all mothers and female high school students residing in district 4 of Tehran city in 2015-16, from which, 42 subjects were selected using the cluster random method, and finally they were randomly placed in two groups with 21 members (control and experiment). Research data was collected using Luthans psychological capital questionnaire. The experimental group attended ten 90-minute sessions of democratic relationships training, while the control group attended none. The collected data was analyzed using ANCOVA in descriptive statistics.Findings: Findings indicate that there is a significant difference in the psychological capital of the control and experimental group, showing that teaching democratic relationships to mothers was effective in increasing their daughters’ psychological capital.Conclusion: Based on the mentioned findings, it can be concluded that psychological capital is a personality trait with growing and developing capabilities, and it is affected by several factors including teaching democratic relationships to parents.


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