The Islamic Scale of Arrogance and Humility (ISAH): Factor structure in a non-clinical sample


1 PhD Student, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Research Institute of Hawzah and University, Qom, Iran

2 PhD Student, Department of Psychology, Imam Khomeini Education & Research Institute, Qom, Iran

3 Professor, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 PhD of Psychology, Department of Behavioral Sciences, Research Institute of Hawzah and University, Qom, Iran

5 MA of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Imam Khomeini Education & Research Institute, Qom, Iran


Introduction: The main purpose of this study was to test the factor structure of the Islamic Scale of Arrogance and Humility.Method: The current research was conducted through a correlational method. A sample of 444 university and seminary students was selected through convenience sampling method. The participants completed the Islamic Scale of Arrogance and Humility (ISAH). To investigate the reliability and construct validity of the scale Cronbach’s alpha and factor analysis was used. Data were analyzed through the Pearson correlation and split-half methods.Results: The results showed that the rvised form of arrogance and humility scale is included six factors: religious emotion and knowledge, self sufficiency- approval seeking, truthcentricity – egocentricity, altruism - behavioral self exhibition, interpersonal optimism - interpersonal pessimism, and self-worth - self-worthless. The high coefficient alpha (0.83) showed good reliability of the scale.Conclusion: Based on these results the scale’s reliability and validity is high and its integrated factors can be used to study arrogance and humility of the individuls in the future research.


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