The relationship between demographic variables and job motivation alongside job burnout among faculty members university


Behavioral Sciences Research


Introduction: Attention to the position and role of faculty members in conducting research is of crucial importance. This study examined the relationship between demographic variables and job motivation alongside job burnout.Method: This study is in descriptive-correlative research design. The population of the study comprised the faculty members of Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences in the academic year 2011-12, who were selected though available sampling. Two questionnaires were used in this study as follows: Job Motivation Questionnaire prepared by the researchers based on Herzberg two-factor motivation-health theory with a reliability coefficient of 0.82; and Geldard Job Burnout Questionnaire with the Cronbach’s alpha of 0.88. The data of the study were analyzed using SPSS15 software and the Chi-square test.Results: The results showed that there were not significant differences in subjects’ job motivation in terms of age, sex and job experience (P> 0.05). However, there were significant differences in terms of type of membership and activity (P< 0.01). Moreover, the results showed that subjects' burnout in terms of age, type of membership, and type of activity is not significantly different (P> 0.05). Nevertheless, the difference in terms of gender and level of experience is significant (P< 0.01) and (P< 0.05).Conclusion: In view of the fact that the motivation of permanently employed faculty members was more than that of non-faculty members, it seems that one of the most important factors in increasing the non-faculty members’ motivation is to give them research privileges. Considering job motivation in researchers involved in educational and research activities is more than job motivation in researchers involved in educational, research and treatment activities, thus it seems better to employ researchers with research and educational activities in the research center. Besides, given the higher levels of burnout among women than men due to constraints specific to military conditions, it seems better to employ female researchers in studies that are not limited as a result of military atmosphere.