Explanation of psychological well-being in students based on spirituality and resiliency



Introduction: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between Spiritual experiences, Resiliency and psychological well-being and possibility of explanation of psychological well-being in native and non-native students based on Spiritual experiences and Resiliency.Method: The sample consisted of 332 native and non-native students of Zanjan University (191 females and 141 males) who were randomly selected. Next, they completed the Spiritual experiences (DSES), Conner–Davidson Resiliency (CO-RISC ) and Psychological Well-being (RSPWB) questionnaires.Results: Data analysis via stepwise regression indicated that Resiliency in first step and Resiliency with Spiritual experiences in the next step with R Square of 14.2% and 19% could predict psychological well-being of freshmen. The findings also indicated that resiliency explained 23% of variance of psychological well-being in native students while in non-native students, Spiritual experiences explained 10.8% of variance of their psychological well-being.Conclusion: Given that Spiritual experiences and Resiliency variables were significant predictors of psychological well-being in students, creating and fortifying such capacities can promot mental health of students.