Effect of assertiveness and stress inoculation training on ‎homesickness among college students



  Introduction: The present research aims to study the effectiveness of the method of assertiveness training and stress inoculation training on homesickness of girl university students with regard to their personality traits and attachment style.   Method: In this research a total of 249 girl freshmen studying at Teacher Training Centers, aged between 17 and 35, were surveyed by a questionnaire on homesickness, attachment style, and personality traits. Based on the grades on homesickness questionnaire, 90 students with grades above the average (1 standard deviation unit higher) and 30 students with grades under the average (1 standard deviation unit lower) were selected. Then the sample group (those with 1 standard deviation unit higher) was randomly divided in 3 groups to undergo the training methods in 2 test groups in 12 sessions. Following the training, the homesickness feeling of the 3 groups was evaluated.   Results: The outcomes of the T-test show that the training methods used for reducing students’ homesickness have been effective. Homesickness was measured by the characteristics of high neurosism and low extroversion. Between attachment style and homesickness no meaningful difference was observed.   Conclusion: The programs of assertiveness training and stress inoculation training are effective on alleviating homesickness and tenses resulted from the incidence of movement