The Parenting Values and Expectations among Low Socioeconomic Status Parents: A Phenomenological Study

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran



Introduction: The relationship between parents and children is one of the important topics of psychology and sociology, and parenting methods are considered as one of the important topics in this field. The present research examined the values ​​and expectations of parenting among the parents of the deprived class.
Method: The present qualitative research was conducted by phenomenological analysis method in 2019 in Tehran. To collect data, semi-structured interviews were used with 14 parents of the underprivileged class of Tehran until the data saturation stage. Data analysis was done using MAXQDA 20 software.
Results: Based on the findings of this research, five main themes (18 sub-themes) namely parent-centered values ​​(compensation, support, forward-looking, positive communication), and child-centered values ​​(getting an education, obeying the rules, respecting elders, religious values, courtesy, independence), parenting expectations (positive parenting, positive education, positive social role), harmful resources (current injuries, financial problems), and supportive resources (family of origin, wide network of relationships and society, available service providers) were obtained.
Conclusion: In summarizing the overall findings of this research, it can be elucidated that challenges arising from adverse economic and social conditions have disproportionately impacted parents facing economic disadvantages in the context of child-rearing.


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