Unprompted Strategies to Cope with Premenstrual Pain among Women: A Systematic Review

Document Type : Review Article


1 Clinical psychologist PhD, Department of clinical psychology, Faculty of human sciences, Shahed university, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of psychology, Tarbiat Modares University,Tehran, Iran



Introduction: Pain plays a crucial role in symptoms felt by women during menstrual cycles. There are a large number of styles to cope with menstrual pain. The present study aimed to identify women’s common tendency to select unprompted methods to cope with premenstrual pain.
Method: This systematic review was carried out on related articles indexed by scientific databases including Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus and ProQuest. According to keywords, the valid English articles published from 2002 to 2022 were browsed and extracted. The current study, was profited from the PRISMA systematic review reporting guideline and was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42022371744). In the present research, considering specified inclusion and exclusion criteria, 17 of 328 proper articles with a population of 4544 persons were evaluated.
Results: Findings implied that the majority of methods used by females to cope with premenstrual pain tend to be derived from behavioral components rather than other elements such as cognitive and emotional components.
Conclusion: Women of different ages, depending on the adopted lifestyle, try to improve adaptation to pain by engaging in behaviors to cope with premenstrual pain. It is essential to consider these unprompted methods when using or formulating a treatment to improve the condition of women with premenstrual pain complaints.