Document Type : Original Article
Department of Psychology, Torbat-e Jam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Torbat-e Jam, Iran
Introduction: Children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) have deep effects on mothers' negative emotions and mental health due to problems such as restlessness, lack of attention and impulsivity. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of emotion regulation training on negative emotions and mental health in the mothers of children with ODD.
Method: This semi-experimental study was carried out on mothers suffering from ODD referred to the education and training clinics of Mashhad, 2020. To do so, 40 people were selected by purposive sampling and were randomly placed in two experimental and control groups. Data were collected using the children's oppositional defiant disorder scale Homersen (2006), the Watson, Clark Wetelgen (1988) negative affect scale, and the Goldberg and Hiller mental health scale (1979). For the experimental group, emotion regulation training was held in eight sessions of 90 minutes; however the control group did not receive any intervention. Data were analyzed by SPSS-21 software, and the covariance analysis method.
Results: Findings revealed that emotion regulation training can improve mental health and its components such as excessive support, excessive negligence, rejection and acceptance in the mothers of children with ODD; while the emotion regulation training decreased negative emotion in mothers (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Emotion regulation training with increasing knowledge and flexibility of mothers of children with ODD led to improvement of mental health and reduction of negative emotions.