The Role of Personality Disorder and Parental Lifestyle on Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents

Document Type : Original Article


1 Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

2 Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, Yazd University, Iran

4 Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

5 Department of Psychology, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran

6 Department of Occupational Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran


Introduction: This study investigates the prediction of mood disorders in children and adolescents by parental personality disorder and parenting lifestyle.
Method: The present study was a cross-sectional study and, the sampling method was a multistage cluster. The statistical population was children and adolescents aged 6-18 years in Yazd province. Our sample included 1035 children and adolescents who were selected from all three age groups (6-9 years, 10-14 years, and 15-18 years) and their parents. Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version, demographic data (gender, age, education, parent education, and economic situation), information on lifestyle (LSQ), and parents' personality disorders (MCMI-III) questionnaires were used to obtain data. Logistic regression and cross-tab tests were used to analyze the data in SPSS16. 
Results: According to the obtained results, Drug avoidance (β=-0.086, p= 0.016), can predict mood disorders, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (β= 0.101, p= 0.014) in mothers and dependent personality disorder (β= 0.081, p= 0.023) in fathers can predict mood disorders in children and adolescents.
Conclusion: Lifestyle is associated with physical and mental health, in children and adolescents, which can affect their mood. In addition, the mental health of parents is a major factor in the mental health of children and adolescents that predicts their mood.


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