Department of Psychology, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran
Introduction: Research has found that problems in interpersonal relationships are positively associated with suicidal behaviors. Nevertheless, it is required to further investigate internal mechanisms underlying this relationship. So, the current study aimed to examine the mediating role of self-esteem in the relationship between loneliness and suicidal ideation. Method: The research design was descriptive – correlational. From the male high school students’ population of Nourabad in the academic year of 2020, a total of 261 participants were selected using convenience sampling and were tested by Scale for Suicide Ideation, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the UCLA Loneliness Scale. To analyze the data, path analysis were conducted. Results: The findings revealed that there is a direct effect of loneliness on suicidal ideation. Also, results showed that the mediating role of self-esteem in the relationship between loneliness and suicidal ideation was significant. Conclusion: Based on the findings, it can be concluded that loneliness and self-esteem are two important factors affecting male adolescents’ suicidal ideation. Therefore, on the basis of the results of this study, it is necessary to develop intervention strategies regarding suicide ideation for adolescents that could be established and actively implemented to prevent adolescents’ suicide.
Cha CB, Franz PJ, M. Guzmán E, Glenn CR, Kleiman EM, Nock MK. Annual Research Review: Suicide among youth–epidemiology,(potential) etiology, and treatment. Journal of Child Psychology and psychiatry. 2018;59(4):460-82. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12831
Glenn CR, Kleiman EM, Kellerman J, Pollak O, Cha CB, Esposito EC, et al. Annual research review: A meta‐analytic review of worldwide suicide rates in adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2020;61(3):294-308. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13106
Cerel J, Brown MM, Maple M, Singleton M, Van de Venne J, Moore M, et al. How many people are exposed to suicide? Not six. Suicide and Life‐Threatening Behavior. 2019;49(2):529-34. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12450
Pandey AR, Bista B, Dhungana RR, Aryal KK, Chalise B, Dhimal M. Factors associated with suicidal ideation and suicidal attempts among adolescent students in Nepal: Findings from Global School-based Students Health Survey. PloS One. 2019;14(4):e0210383. doi:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0210383
Kim JM. Development of structural model on suicidal ideation in adolescents’ exposure to violence. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021;18(6):3215. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063215
Chang HB, Munroe S, Gray K, Porta G, Douaihy A, Marsland A, et al. The role of substance use, smoking, and inflammation in risk for suicidal behavior. Journal of affective disorders. 2019;243:33-41. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2018.09.005. [PubMed:30223137]
Gili M, Castellví P, Vives M, de la Torre-Luque A, Almenara J, Blasco MJ, et al. Mental disorders as risk factors for suicidal behavior in young people: A meta-analysis and systematic review of longitudinal studies. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2019;245:152-62. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.10.115
González-Forteza C, Juárez-López CE, Jiménez A, Montejo-León L, Rodríguez-Santisbón UR, Wagner FA. Suicide behavior and associated psychosocial factors among adolescents in Campeche, Mexico. Preventive Medicine. 2017;105:206-11. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.09.011
Díez-Gómez A, Pérez-Albéniz A, Sebastián-Enesco C, Fonseca-Pedrero E. Suicidal behavior in adolescents: a latent class analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020;17(8):2820. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082820
Steck N, Egger M, Schimmelmann BG, Kupferschmid S. Suicide in adolescents: findings from the Swiss National cohort. European child & adolescent psychiatry. 2018;27(1):47-56. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-017-1019-6.
Lee D, Jung S, Park S, Hong HJ. The impact of psychological problems and adverse life events on suicidal ideation among adolescents using nationwide data of a school-based mental health screening test in Korea. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2018;27(10):1361-72. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-018-1130-3
Wolfe KL, Nakonezny PA, Owen VJ, Rial KV, Moorehead AP, Kennard BD, et al. Hopelessness as a predictor of suicide ideation in depressed male and female adolescent youth. Suicide and Life‐Threatening Behavior. 2019;49(1):253-63. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/sltb.12428.
Chang EC, Lian X, Yu T, Qu J, Zhang B, Jia W, et al. Loneliness under assault: Understanding the impact of sexual assault on the relation between loneliness and suicidal risk in college students. Personality and Individual Differences. 2015;72:155-9. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2014.09.001.
Muyan M, Chang EC. Perfectionism as a predictor of suicidal risk in Turkish college students: Does loneliness contribute to further risk? Cognitive Therapy and Research. 2015;39(6):776-84. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-015-9711-7
Coplan RJ, Rose-Krasnor L, Weeks M, Kingsbury A, Kingsbury M, Bullock A. Alone is a crowd: social motivations, social withdrawal, and socioemotional functioning in later childhood. Developmental Psychology. 2013;49(5):861. doi:https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028861
Wang JM, Rubin KH, Laursen B, Booth-LaForce C, Rose-Krasnor L. Preference-for-solitude and adjustment difficulties in early and late adolescence. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology. 2013;42(6):834-42. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2013.794700
Soto-Sanz V, Piqueras JA, Perez-Vazquez MT, Rodriguez-Jimenez T, Castellví P, Miranda-Mendizabal A, et al. Self-esteem and suicidal behaviour in youth: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psicothema. 2019;31:246–54. doi:https://doi.org/10.7334/psicothema2018.339
Moayed M, Vahedian-Azimi A. The relationship between self-esteem and academic motivation among postgraduate nursing students: Across-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2021;15(1):113–9. doi:https://doi.org/10.30491/IJBS.2021.262883.1447
Nguyen DT, Dedding C, Pham TT, Wright P, Bunders J. Depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation among Vietnamese secondary school students and proposed solutions: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2013;13(1):1-10. doi:https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-1195
Sharifi Z, Moltafet G. The prediction of psychological well-being based on gratitude, social support and self-Esteem. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2021;15(2):127-32. doi:10.30491/IJBS.2021.266815.1455
Nguyen DT, Wright EP, Dedding C, Pham TT, Bunders J. Low self-esteem and its association with anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation in vietnamese secondary school students: a cross-sectional study. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2019:698. doi:https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00698
Yildiz MA, Karadas C. Multiple mediation of self-esteem and perceived social support in the relationship between loneliness and life satisfaction. Journal of Education and Practice. 2017;8(3):130-9.
Yoo T, Kim S-W, Kim S-Y, Lee J-Y, Kang H-J, Bae K-Y, et al. Relationship between suicidality and low self-esteem in patients with schizophrenia. Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience. 2015;13(3):296. doi:https://doi.org/10.9758/cpn.2015.13.3.296
Kline RB. Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. Guilford publications; 2015.
Wang P, Wang J, Yan Y, Si Y, Zhan X, Tian Y. Relationship between loneliness and depression among Chinese junior high school students: the serial mediating roles of internet gaming disorder, social network use, and generalized pathological internet use. Frontiers in Psychology. 2021;11:4030. doi:https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.529665
Rosenberg M. Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton University Press; 2015.
Zarei, S. (2022). Mediating Effect of Self-esteem in the Relationship between Loneliness and Suicidal Ideation of Male Adolescents. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 16(1), 23-28. doi: 10.30491/ijbs.2022.300993.1629
Salman Zarei. "Mediating Effect of Self-esteem in the Relationship between Loneliness and Suicidal Ideation of Male Adolescents". International Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 16, 1, 2022, 23-28. doi: 10.30491/ijbs.2022.300993.1629
Zarei, S. (2022). 'Mediating Effect of Self-esteem in the Relationship between Loneliness and Suicidal Ideation of Male Adolescents', International Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 16(1), pp. 23-28. doi: 10.30491/ijbs.2022.300993.1629
Zarei, S. Mediating Effect of Self-esteem in the Relationship between Loneliness and Suicidal Ideation of Male Adolescents. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2022; 16(1): 23-28. doi: 10.30491/ijbs.2022.300993.1629