The Effectiveness of Time Perspective Therapy on Mental Well-being, Functional Flexibility, and Mental Cohesion in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Psychology, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran


Introduction: Considering the prevalence of the symptoms of type 2 diabetes, to prevent its chronicity and recurrence, it seems that measures should be taken in this regard. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of time perspective therapy on mental well-being, functional flexibility, and mental cohesion in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Method: This quasi-experimental study was a pre-test, post-test, and follow-up after two months. The statistical population included people with type 2 diabetes who were referred to Mashhad Diabetes Center in 2020. Among them, 30 individuals with type 2 diabetes were selected by convenience sampling and were randomly assigned to an experimental and control group awaiting treatment. To collect data, the Mental Well-Being, Mental Cohesion, and Functional Flexibility Questionnaire scales were used.
Results: The results of repeated measures analysis of variance showed that time perspective treatment is effective on mental well-being, psychological cohesion, and functional flexibility in people with type 2 diabetes.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that time perspective therapy can be effective on mental well-being, psychological cohesion and functional flexibility in people with type 2 diabetes. It is suggested that by using these variables by medical centers, other relevant organs and organizations, an effective step can be taken to improve the mental health status of women.


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