Role of Entrapment in Relation between Fear of Covid-19 and Compassion Fatigue among Nurses

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Psychology, RCBSR Rajagiri College of Social Sciences (Autonomous), Kerala, India



Introduction: Compassion fatigue is a state of exhaustion and dysfunction biologically, psychologically, and socially, resulting from the change in empathetic ability of the caregiver in reaction to the prolonged and overwhelming stress of caregiving.  Hence, this can go deeper among people who work in caring and giving professions like nursing.  The aim of the present study was to examine the association between fear of Coronavirus Diseases-2019 (Covid-19), entrapment and compassion fatigue among nurses.
Method: For this descriptive-correlational study, 107 nurses working in Hospitals (private/public) that provide service to Covid-19 patients were selected using convenience sampling method in 2020. Data were collected using the Fear of Covid-19 scale, Entrapment Scale and Compassion Fatigue Short Scale. Data were analyzed using the Spearman rank correlation coefficient and hierarchical regression analysis by IBM SPSS software.
Results: Findings revealed that a positive significant relationship exists between the variables fear of Covid-19, entrapment and compassion fatigue. In addition, fear of Covid-19 and entrapment significantly predicted compassion fatigue.
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, it can be concluded that nurses who have higher levels of fear of Covid-19 and higher sense of entrapment, experience a higher level of compassion fatigue.


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