The Causal Model of Couple Burnout Based on Irrational Relationship Beliefs, Non-adaptive Strategies of Cognitive Emotion Regulation, and Psychological Capital

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Science and Culture, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: The present research was aimed to explain the causal model of couple burnout based on irrational relationship beliefs, non-adaptive strategies of cognitive emotion regulation, and psychological capital.
Method: The method was descriptive-correlational. The sample included 300 married women living in Tehran that were selected through the convenient sampling method. To collect data, Couple Burnout Measure (CBM; 1996), Relationship Beliefs Inventory (RBI; 1982), Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ; 2006), and Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ; 2011) were used. Data analysis was done by the path analysis method.
Results: Firstly, the fitness indices indicated that the model did not have sufficient fitness. However, the modification indices indicated that there was a correlation between the residuals of non-adaptive strategies and psychological capital. The modified model had very high fitness (GFI=0.988, AGFI=0.951, CFI= 0.976, RMSEA=0.045, RMR=0.048). Totally, this model could explain the 22.8% variance of couple burnout (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The present research provided some evidence in the support of the impact of irrational relationship beliefs, non-adaptive strategies of cognitive emotion regulation, and psychological capital on the couple burnout. Therefore, the results of the present research can be used in the couple therapy interventions to enrich couples’ relationships and also promoting the quality of the family system.


  1. Mondol J. Marital Adjustment: Extension of psychophysical well-being. India: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing, 2014.
  2. Bolkan A, Kaya A. The Effects of Life Skills Psychoeducation Program on Divorced Women's Self-actualization Levels. The Anthropologist. 2016;23(3):343-354.
  3. Pamuk M, Durmuş E. Investigation of burnout in marriage. Journal of Human Sciences. 2015;12(1):162-177.
  4. Tsapelas I, Aron A, Orbuch T. Marital boredom now predicts less satisfaction 9 years later. Psychological Science. 2009;20(5):543-545.
  5. Eidelson RJ, Epstein N. Cognition and relationship maladjustment: Development of a measure of dysfunctional relationship beliefs. Journal of consulting and clinical psychology. 1990;50(5):715.
  6. Falahati F, Mohammadi M. Prediction of Marital Burnout Based on Automatic Negative Thoughts and Alexithymia among Couples. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health. 2020;8(2):2211-2219.
  7. Ebrahimi L, Mohamadlou M. Role of Relationship Beliefs and Cognitive Insight on the Quality of Marital Relationship among Divorced Women. Preventive Care in Nursing & Midwifery Journal. 2019;9(2):28-35.
  8. Kemer G, Çetinkaya Yıldız E, Bulgan G. Emotional dependency and dysfunctional relationship beliefs as predictors of married Turkish individuals’ relationship satisfaction. The Spanish Journal of Psychology. 2016;19:1_8.
  9. Garnefski N, Kraaij V. Relationships between cognitive emotion regulation strategies and depressive symptoms: A comparative study of five specific samples. Personality and Individual differences. 2006;40(8):1659-1669.
  10. Aminabadi Z, Dehghani M, Khodapanahi M.K. Factor structure and validation of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2012;5(4):365-371. [In Persian]‏
  11. Satkin M, Fathi Ashtiani A, Ghahvehchi Hosseini F, Allahverdi S . Prediction of marital satisfaction via emotional and spiritual intelligence. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2014;8(1):29-35. [In Persian]‏
  12. Dunham SM. Emotional skillfulness in African American marriage: Intimate safety as a mediator of the relationship between emotional skillfulness and marital satisfaction: University of Akron; 2008.
  13. Abbott BV. Emotion dysregulation and re-regulation: Predictors of relationship intimacy and distress: Texas A&M University; 2005.
  14. Yelsma P, Sherilyn M, Marrow S. An examination of couples' difficulties with emotional expressiveness and their marital satisfaction. The Journal of Family Communication. 2003;3(1):41-62.
  15. Omidifar H, Pourebrahim T, Khoshkonesh A, Moradi A. The comparison and relationship between emotional self-regulation with marital burnout and intimacy in one-career and dual-career couples in governmental offices. Journal of Career and Organization Consulting. 2016;8(26):50-67. [In Persian]‏
  16. Emadi S, Mirhashemi M, Pashasharifi H. A structural model for prediction of couple burnout based on sensation seeking, perfectionism and emotion regulation strategies with the mediation of resiliency in married women. Journal of psychologicalscience. 2020;19(92):1011-1022. [In Persian]‏
  17. Kizildag S,Vatan S. Investigation Of Attachment And Emotion Regulation Characteristics On The Prediction Of Married Individuals’ Couple Burnout . Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2016(24):1069-1094.
  18. Vickery CE, Dorjee D. Mindfulness training in primary schools decreases negative affect and increases meta-cognition in children. Frontiers in Psychology. 2016;6:2025.
  19. Tomas J, Seršić DM, De Witte H. Psychological climate predicting job insecurity through occupational self-efficacy. Personnel Review. 2019;48(2):360_380.
  20. Luthans F, Youssef-Morgan CM. Psychological capital: An evidence-based positive approach. Annual review of organizational psychology and organizational behavior. 2017;4:339-366.
  21. Zeineddin H, Farrokhi NA, Azar Z. Mediating role of psychological capital in the relationship between personality features with marital adjustment in students. Journal of Applied Psychology. 2018;12(3):439-62. [In Persian]‏
  22. Golparvar M, Ghasemi M, Mosahebi M. Role Patterns of Psychological Capital Factors on Life and Marital Satisfaction amongWar Survivor's Wives in Shahrekord City. Journal of Women's Studies Socialogical and Psychological. 2014;12(1):119-140. [In Persian]‏
  23. Panahi E, Fatehizadeh M. Studying the Relationship between Factors of Psychological Capital and Marital Life Quality among Couples of Isfahan. Journal of Women and Society. 2015; 6(3): 41-58. [In Persian]‏
  24. Ataee S, Bagheri N. The Prediction of Psychological Capital Based on the Basic Beliefs and Basic Psychological Needs of Married Women Referring to Health Centers in District 3. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology. 2019;13(4):725_730.
  25. Hooman H. Statistical inference in behavioral research, Tehran. Parsa publication; 2003. [In Persian]‏
  26. Pines A. M. Couple burnout: Causes & cures. London: RoutLedge. 1996;32(1):415-916.
  27. Pines AM, Nunes R. The relationship between career and couple burnout: Implications for career and couple counseling. Journal of employment counseling. 2003;40(2):50-64.
  28. Adib rad N, Adib rad M. the comparison of relationship beliefs & couple burnout in women who want to divorce and women who want to continue their marital life. counseling research and development.2005;4(13):99_110. [In Persian]‏
  29. Heydari M, Mazaheri M, Pouretemad H. The association between the relationship belies and positive feeling to spouse. Journal of Family Research. 2005;1(2):121-130. [In Persian]‏
  30. Besharat M A, Bazzazian S. Psychometric properties of the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire in a sample of Iranian population. Journal of Shahid Beheshti School of Nursing & Midwifery. 2014;24(84):61-70. [In Persian]‏
  31. McGee EA. An examination of the stability of positive psychological capital using frequency-based measurement. PhD diss, University of Tennessee. 2011.
  32. Golparvar M, Jafari M, javadian z. Prediction of Psychological Capital through Components of Spirituality among Nurses. Journal of Nursing Education. 2013;1(3):35-44. [In Persian]‏
  33. Byrne B M. Structural equation modeling with AMOS: basic concepts, applications, and programming(3rd ed). New York: Routledge; 2016.
  34. Govabari B, Forket A, Alikhah S, Majidi M. The role of social and psychological capital in predicting couples' marital intimacy. Social Psychology Research. 2019;9(33):95-114. [In Persian]‏
  35. Hashemi T, Babapur J, Bahadori J. Role of Psychological Capital in Psychological well-being by considering the moderating effects of social capital. Social Psychology Research. 2012;1(4):123-144. [In Persian]‏
  36. Aliyev R, Karakus M. The effects of positive psychological capital and negative feelings on students’ violence tendency. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2015;190:69-76.
  37. Kiani A, Asadi S, Esmaeili F, Zavar M. Prediction of marital burnout based on emotional expressivness and marital attributions in married people referring to the welfare organization in Ardabil. Journal of Counseling Research. 2016;15(59):58-75. [In Persian]‏
  38. Ellis A. Overcoming destructive beliefs, feelings, and behaviors: New directions for rational emotive behavior therapy: Prometheus Books; 2010.
  39. Zare M, Rezaei A. Mediating Role of the Cognitive Emotional Regulation for Personality Characters and Marital Satisfaction. Journal of Psychological models and methods .2016;7(24):91_102. [In Persian]‏
  40. Watkins LE, DiLillo D, Hoffman L, Templin J. Do self-control depletion and negative emotion contribute to intimate partner aggression? A lab-based study. Psychology of Violence. 2015;5(1):35.
  41. Schreiber LR, Grant JE, Odlaug BL. Emotion regulation and impulsivity in young adults. Journal of psychiatric research. 2012;46(5):651-658.
  42. Nalborczyk L, Perrone-Bertolotti M, Baeyens C, Grandchamp R, Polosan M, Spinelli E, et al. Orofacial electromyographic correlates of induced verbal rumination. Biological Psychology. 2017;127:53-63.