Association between Father Parenting Styles and Game Addiction with the Mediating Effect of Aggression among College Students

Document Type : Original Article


Riphah Institute of Clinical & Professional Psychology (RICPP), Riphah International University, Lahore, Pakistan


Introduction: The present study was carried out to examine the association between father parenting styles and game addiction among college students as well as to explore the mediating effect of aggression between them.
Method: The design of the research was correlation. A total of 150 participants comprised of boys and girls, with the age range of 17 to 21 years, were recruited through purposive sampling from different colleges of Lahore, Pakistan. The questionnaires used in this study included the Gaming Addiction Scale (Brief version), Parental Authority Questionnaire (short version), and the Aggression Scale. All the hypotheses were tested by using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation Analysis and Meditation analysis through PROCESS.
Results: Results revealed that fathers' authoritative style had a negative non-significant association (p>.001), while authoritarian and permissive styles had a positive significant association with game addiction (p<.001). Aggression had a mediating effect between two father parenting styles and game addiction: authoritarian and permissive.
Conclusion: It is therefore concluded that father parenting styles affect the game addiction behavior and aggression plays a mediating role between them. This fact will definitely help parents and psychologists in addressing major reasons behind game addiction.


  1. Asghar M, Noor M. Relationship Between Temperament and Video Game Addiction among Youth2017. 285-98 p.
  2. George C, Erica S. Media and the American Child. 1st ed: Academic Press; 2007.
  3. Singer DG, Singer JL. Handbook of children and the media. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: Sage; 2012.
  4. Wei P-S, Lu H-P. Why do people play mobile social games? An examination of network externalities and of uses and gratifications. Internet Res. 2014.
  5. Yousafzai S, Hussain Z, Griffiths M. Social responsibility in online videogaming: What should the videogame industry do? Addiction Research & Theory. 2014;22(3):181-5.
  6. Zafar N, Kausar R, Pallesen S. Candy Crush Addiction, Executive Functioning and Grade Point Average in University Students. Bahria Journal of Professional Psychology. 2018;17(1):67-82.
  7. Baumrind D. Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychology. 1971;4(1, Pt.2):1-103.
  8. Nwufo JI, Onyishi OG, Ubom SA, Akinola J, Chukwuorji JC. Roles of parenting styles and emotion regulation in test anxiety among secondary school students. Practicum Psychologia 2017;7(2):33-51.
  9. Rosli NA. Effect of Parenting Styles on Children's Emotional and Behavioral Problems Among Different Ethnicities of Muslim Children in the U.S. e-Publications@Marquette. 2014:144.
  10. Sangani A, Jangi P. The Relationship between Girls' Anxiety and their Parental Parenting Styles Mediated by the Traits of Extroversion and Introversion. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2019;12(4):146-53.
  11. Azeez R, Babalola S. Effect of Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy on Adolescents’ Aggressive Behavior. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2020;14(2):51-5.
  12. Hejrani-Diarjan H, Shahriari-Ahmadi M, Esteki M. The Comparison of the Effectiveness of the Behavioral Cognitive Play and Child-parent Interaction Based Play Application on Anger, Anxiety and Emotional Cognitive Regulation in Aggressive Students. International Journal of Behavioral Sciences. 2020;14(3):108-15.
  13. Vanbrabant K, Kuppens P, Braeken J, Demaerschalk E, Boeren A, Tuerlinckx F. A relationship between verbal aggression and personal network size. Social Networks. 2012;34(2):164-70.
  14. Cherry K. Factors That Lead to Aggression 2019 [Available from:
  15. Abedini Y, Zamani BE, Kheradmand A, Rajabizadeh G. Impacts of mothers' occupation status and parenting styles on levels of self-control, addiction to computer games, and educational progress of adolescents. Addiction & Health. 2012;4(3-4):102-10.
  16. Květon P, Jelínek M. Parenting Styles and Their Relation to Videogame Addiction. International Journal of Psychological and Behavioral Sciences. 2016;10.
  17. Lokoyi OLO. Parenting Styles as Correlates of Aggressive Behaviour AmongIn-School Adolescent with Mild Intellectual Disability. Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2015;4(3):94.
  18. Moghaddam M, Asli F, Rakhshani T, Taravatmanesh S. The Relationship Between Parenting Styles and Aggression in Adolescents of Zahedan City in 2014. Shiraz E-Medical Journal. 2016;17(7-8).
  19. Jeong E, Kim D, Lee DM, Lee HR. A Study of Digital Game Addiction from Aggression, Loneliness and Depression Perspectives. 49th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS). 2016:3769-80.
  20. Madran H, Cakilci E. The relationship between aggression and online video game addiction: a study on massively multiplayer online video game players. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry. 2014;15(2):99.
  21. Lemmens JS, Valkenburg PM, Peter J. Development and Validation of a Game Addiction Scale for Adolescents. Media Psychology. 2009;12(1):77-95.
  22. Buri JR. Parental Authority Questionnaire. Journal of Personality Assessment. 1991;57(1):110-9.
  23. Alkharusi H, Aldhafri S, Kazem A, Alzubiadi A, Al-Bahrani M. Development and Validation of a Short Version of the Parental Authority Questionnaire. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal. 2011;39(9):1193-208.
  24. Kiewitz C, Weaver III JB. The aggression questionnaire. Handbook of research on electronic surveys and measurements. Hershey, PA, US: Idea Group Reference/IGI Global; 2007. p. 343-7.
  25. Yuh J. Aggression, social environment, and Internet gaming addiction among Korean adolescents. Social Behavior and Personality. 2018;46(1):127-38.