The Effectiveness of Neurofeedback in Selective-Divided Attention and Behavioral Disorders in Children with Hyperactivity

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Ph. D in Family Counseling, Head of Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Kurdistan, Kurdistan, Iran

2 M.A in School Counseling, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Kurdistan, Kurdistan, Iran

3 M.A in counseling, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Social Sciences, Razi University

Abstract

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of neurofeedback on selective-divided attention and behavioral disorders in children with hyperactivity.
Methods: The semi-experimental method with pretest-posttest and follow up design and a control group was applied. Thirty children with ADHD symptoms were selected among the girls and boys with the age range of 8-12 years old. Participants were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. Data collection was done using Selective Attention and divided Stroop task and Rutter's Behavioral Problems Questionnaire (RBPQ).
Results: The results obtained from frequent measure analysis showed that the selective attention of the group receiving neurofeedback has been increased, although the divided attention has been decreased. Moreover, overall behavioral disorders and components showed significant reduction in two steps of pretest, posttest and follow up. However, it showed no significant reduction in eating and sleeping disorders.
Conclusion: Neurofeedback can improve selective attention among hyperactive children and can also reduce scattered attention and behavioral disorders. Therefore, it is an effective method to enhance attention and decrease behavioral disorders in children with ADHD.

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