Sense of humor and resiliency: Explanatory components of psychological well-being

Authors

1 . Ph.D. Department of Psychology, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

2 MSc. Department of Psychology, University of Zanjan

3 Ph.D. Department of Psychology, Medical Sciences University of Bagiyatallah

4 Ph.D. Department of Psychology, University of Zanjan

Abstract

Introduction:The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between sense of humor, resiliency and psychological well-being and possibility of explanation of psychological well-being in native and non-native students based on sense of humor and resiliency constructs.Method: The sample consisted of 332 native and non-native students of University of Zanjan (191 females and 141 males) who were selected randomly. They completed the Sense of Humor (SHQ), Conner–Davidson Resiliency (CO-RISC) and Psychological Well-being (RSPWB) questionnaires.Results: Data analysis using stepwise regression indicated that resiliency in the first step (R2=%16) and resiliency along with sense of humor in the next step (R2=%16) predicted psychological well-being of first year students. The additional findings indicated that all subscales of humor were positively correlated with psychological well-being, and also subscale of humor in stressful situations showed the highest correlation with psychological well-being. There was no difference in association patterns between native and non-native students.Conclusion: Given that sense of humor and resiliency variables are significant predictors of psychological well-being in students, by creating and empowering these capacities, we can promote their mental health.

Keywords


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