The study of mental health status among staffs

Authors

1 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiatallah Medical Sciences University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 1Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Introduction: Mental health is an important matter in human life and very effective in personal and social life. The aim of this research is studying the effective factors on mental health in employees working environment.Methods: This research is a descriptive-cross sectional study and the sample includes 749 individuals of official staff selected via two-step cluster sampling. The samples were selected, conditioned to at least 1 year medical health history and lack of any apparent physical or mental health. The following questionnaires were used for evaluation: General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), Health and Safety Executive (HSE), Physical Activity Questionnaire (AFPAQ), Beck Depression Questionnaire, Framingham Personality Questionnaire and Demographic information scale. Descriptive statistical methods and inferential ones, also SPSS was used for data analysis.Results: The results show that there is a negative meaningful relation between job stress and mental health. Also there is a meaningful relation between sub-scales of physical symptoms, sleep disorder, anxiety, social dysfunction and sever anxiety with job stress. There is a meaningful statistical correlation between mental health and sub-scales of demand, control, ‘authorities and staff support, relation and role. Results show that there is a meaningful relation between physical activities during job and relaxation and tiredness with mental health. Mental health scales, (sleep, anxiety, social dysfunction and sever anxiety) have a meaningful statistical relation with physical activity during job, the same were between physical symptoms sub-scales, i.e. sleep disorder, anxiety, social dysfunction, sever anxiety and physical activity. Based on the results, depression has a positive meaningful relation with each of the mental health sub-scales; physical symptoms, sleep disorder, anxiety, social dysfunction, sever anxiety. Also, general mental health had a positive and meaningful relation with depression. Type of personality had a meaningful statistical and indirect correlative relation with general mental health. Also correlation of the type of personality and each of physical symptoms sub-scales, sleep disorder, anxiety, social dysfunction, sever anxiety was.Conclusion: The results show the importance of staff mental health in job environments in order to improve organizations efficiency. Psychological evaluation while hiring staff and during cooperation protects individuals and organizations from wasting resources.

Keywords


Soltanian AR, Nabipour I, Akhondzadeh S, Moeini B, Bahreini F, Barati M, et al. Association between physical activity and mental health among high-school adolescents in Boushehr province: A population based study. Iran J Psychiatr. 2011;6(3):112-6.
Barry MM, Jenkins R. Implementing mental health promotion: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2007.
Organization WH. The World Health Report 2001: Mental health: new understanding, new hope: World Health Organization; 2001.
Organization WH. World health statistics ; 2008.
Noorbala A, Mohammad K, Bagheri Yazdi S, Yasami M. Study of mental health status of individuals above 15 years of age in Islamic Republic of Iran in the year 1999. Hakim Res J. 2002;5(1):1-10. [Persian].
Naghavi M, Abolhassani, F, Pourmalek, F, Jafari, N.,Moradilake, M, Eshrati B, Mahdavihazaveh N,Kazemeini H, Tehranibanihashemi SA, Shoaie S. The global burden of diseases in Iran in 2002. J Iran Epidemiol. 2007;4(2): 1-19. [Persian]
Fooladvand K. Examine the relationship between organizational climate of Ilam city mental hospitals. Med Public System Iran. 2007;15(1):44-50.
Abdi-Masoole FH ,Kaviani H, Khaqani-zadeh M, Momeni A. Envestigate the relationship between burnout and mental health: Study of 200 nurses. J Med Sci Faculty Tehran. 2007;65(6):65-75. [Persian]
ILO. Mental health in the workplace: situation analysis (preliminary report). Geneva: US ILO: , 2000.
Noor-bakhsh P. Construction and Validation of a tool to measure occupational stress factors for PE teachers in Khuzestan province and the relationship between these factors and the mental health [Dissertation]. Tehran: Tarbiat Moallem University; 1999.[Persian]
Doornbos MM, Zandee GL, DeGroot J, Warpinski M. Desired mental health resources for urban, ethnically diverse, impoverished women struggling with anxiety and depression. Qual Health Res. 2013;23(1):78-92.
Yan J, Wang L-J, Cheng Q, Miao D-M, Zhang L-Y, Yuan S-P, et al. Estimated mental health and analysis of relative factors for new Chinese recruits. Mil Med. 2008;173(10):1031-4.
Bertheussen GF, Romundstad PR, Landmark T, Kaasa S, Dale O, Helbostad JL. Associations between physical activity and physical and mental health--a HUNT 3 study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011;43(7): 1220-28.
Gigantesco A, Lega I. [Occupational stress and mental health]. Epidemiol Prev. 2013;37(1):67-73.
Rasuli Z, Eslami R. Survey of relationship between job satisfaction andpersonality type with mental health in army ground Personnel. Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2013;11(2):96-101.
Tyson P, Wilson K, Crone D, Brailsford R, Laws K. Physical activity and mental health in a student population. J Ment Health. 2010;19(6):492-9.
Alikhani B. Climates of Iran. Tehran: PayamNor Publication. 2000. [Persian]
Krejcie RV, Morgan DW. Determining sample size for research activities. Educ Psychol Meas. 1970.
Goldberg DP, Hillier VF. A scaled version of the General Health Questionnaire. Psychol Med. 1979;9(01):139-45.
Cousins R, Mackay CJ, Clarke SD, Kelly C, Kelly PJ ,McCaig RH. Management standards’ work-related stress in the UK: Practical development. Work Stress. 2004;18(2):113-36.
Azad-Marzabadi E, Golami Fesharaki M. Reliability and validity assessment for the HSE job stress questionnaire. J Behav Sci. 2011;4(4):11-2. [Persian]
Gholami Fesharaki M, AzadMarzabadi E. Evaluation of the reliability and validity of Azad-Fesharaki's physical activity questionnaire (AFPAQ). Arak Univ Med Sci J. 2011;14(3):36-44. [Persian]
Kaviani H, Mousavi AS, mohit A. Interviews and psychological tests. Tehran: Sana; 2002. [Persian]
Posht Mashhadi M, Yazdandoost R, Asgharnejad AA, Moridpoor D. The Efficacy of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy on Perfectionism, Need for Approval, and Depressive Symptoms in Patients Afflicted with Pain Disorder. Iran J Psychiatr Clin Psychol. 2004.;9(3):22-32. [Persian]
Marnat GG. Handbook of Psychological Assessment. 3rd ed. Tehran: Roshd; 2001. [Persian]
Kannel WB, Feinleib M, McNAMARA PM, Garrison RJ, Castelli WP. An investigation of coronary heart disease in families The Framingham offspring study. Am J Epidemiol. 1979;110(3):281-90.
Shahraki Vahed A, Mardani Hamuleh M, Sanchuli J, Hamedi Shahraki S. Assessment of the relationship between mental health and job stress among nurses. J Jahrom Univ Med Sci. 2010; 8(3):17-28. [Persian]
Hashemi Nejad N, Rahimi Moghadam S, Mohammadian M, Amiri F. Survey of Relationship between Mental Health and Job Stress among Midwives Who Were Working in Hospitals of Kerman, Iran, 2011. Iran J Obstetrics, Gynecol Infertil. 2013;16(64):1-9. [Persian]
Sadeghpour A, Sadeghpour M, Hosseini M. The relationship of physical activity levels and mental health: a case study at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. J Isfahan Med School. 2014;34(274):90-101.
Mortazavi SS, Mohammad K, Ardebili HE, Beni RD, Mahmoodi M, Keshteli AH. Mental disorder prevention and physical activity in iranian elderly. Int J Preventive Med. 2012;Special Issue,(3):s64.
Brown WJ, Mishra G, Lee C, Bauman A. Leisure time physical activity in Australian women: relationship with well being and symptoms. Res Quarter Exercise Sport. 2000;71(3):206-16.
Spotts EL, Pedersen NL, Neiderhiser JM, Reiss D, Lichtenstein P, Hansson K ,et al. Genetic effects on women's positive mental health: Do marital relationships and social support matter? J Fam Psychol. 2005;19(3):339.
Shirjang L, Sohrabi N, Hossini M. Prediction of depression for pregnant women based on marital satisfaction and mental health. 2013:27-43.
Aghilinejad M, Mohammadi S, Afkari M, Abbaszade Dizaji R. Surveying the association between occupational stress and mental health, personality and life stressful events in Tehran police officers. Pejouhesh. 2007;31(4):355-360. [Persian]
Atash afrooz A. compared to General health, Job stress and burnout among teachers of special schools[Dissertation]. Ahvaz University; 2007. [Persian]
Gaither CA, Kahaleh AA, Doucette WR, Mott DA, Pederson CA, Schommer JC. A modified model of pharmacists' job stress: The role of organizational, extra-role, and individual factors on work-related outcomes. Res Soc Administrative Pharmacy. 2008;4(3):231-43.
Ganji H. Personality assessment. Tehran: Savalan 2006. [Persian]
Roushan R, Modaresi F. Personality types and mental health impact of systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. Hakim. 2003;4(5):255-62.