The Role of Attachment, Family Cohesion, and Adaptability in the Prediction of Resilience

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Life Style Institute, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Neuroscience Research Center, Baqyiatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Teharn, Iran


  1. References

    1. Mehmannavazan A., Aliakbaridehkordi M., Kakojoybari A. Impact of attachment styles, family cohesion and adaptability on the level of resiliency as it relates to the feeling of homesickness among freshman students living in dormitories of Alzahra university. Women's Stud Sociolog Psychol. 2015; 12(4): 173-204.
    2. Hart R. Positive Psychology: The Basics. Routledge; 2020 Jun 15.
    3. Ahern NR., Ark P, Byers J. Resilience and coping strategies in adolescents–additional content. Paediatric Care, 2008. 20(10): S1-S8.
    4. Lee HH, Cranford AJ. Does resilience moderate the associations between parental problem drinking and adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing behaviors?: A study of Korean adolescents. Drug  Alcohol Depend. 2008. 96(3):  213-221.
    5. Harter SL. Psychosocial adjustment of adult children of alcoholics: A review of the recent empirical literature. Clinical Psychol Review, 2000. 20(3): 311-337.
    6. Pinquart M. Moderating effects of dispositional resilience on associations between hassles and psychological distress. Journal of applied Developmental psychology, 2009. 30(1): p. 53-60.
    7. Fitzpatrick, M.A. and A.F. Koerner, Family communication schemata: Effects on children’s resiliency. The evolution of key mass communication concepts: Honoring Jack M. McLeod, 2005: 115-139.
    8. Keshtkaran T. The Relationship Between Family Communication Pattern Whith Resiliency Among Students of Shiraz University. Know Res App Psychol, 2009. 11(39): 43-53.
    9. Zareh, M. and S. Samani, The Role of Family Flexibility and Cohesion In Child Goal Orientation. J Fam Res, 2008. 4(1): p. 17-36.
    10. Zadehmohammadi A, Malek Khosravi G. The preliminary study of psychometric and reliability of Family Assessment Device. J Fam Res, 2006. 5: p. 69-89.
    11. Piercy, F.P., D.H. Sprenkle, and J.L. Wetchler, Family therapy sourcebook. 1996: Guilford Press.
    12. Olson, D.H., Circumplex model of marital and family systems. J Fam Ther. 2000. 22(2): p. 144-167.
    13. Mazaheri, A., M. Sadeghi, and M. Heydari, A Comparison of Family Structure Perception and Ideal Between Parents and Their Young Children. J Fam Res. 2008. 4(4): 329-351.
    14. Fox S, Lydon S, Byrne D, et al. A systematic Review of Interventions to foster physician resilience. Postgraduate Med J. 2018; 94: 162–70.
    15. Arokiaraj AS, Nasir R, Shahrazad WW. Gender effects on self-esteem, family functioning and resilience among juvenile delinquents in Malaysia. Pertanika J Soc Sci Hum. 2011 Oct 2;19:1-8.
    16. Kim DH, Yoo IY. Factors associated with resilience of school age children with cancer. J Paediatrics Child Health. 2010 Jul;46(7‐8):431-6.
    17. Svanberg, P.O., Attachment, resilience and prevention. J  Mental health, 1998. 7(6): 543-578.
    18. Atwool, N., Attachment and resilience: Implications for children in care. Child Care Pract, 2006. 12(4): 315-330.
    19. Bartley, M., J. Head, and S. Stansfeld, Is attachment style a source of resilience against health inequalities at work? Soc Sci Med, 2007. 64(4): 765-75.
    20. Fraley RC. Attachment in Adulthood: Recent Developments, Emerging Debates, and Future Directions. Annual Review Psychol, 2019 70:1, 401-422
    21. Flanagan, C., Early socialisation: Sociability and attachment. 1999: Psychology Press.
    22. Zimmermann, P. and F. Becker-Stoll, Stability of attachment representations during adolescence: The influence of ego-identity status. J Adolesce, 2002. 25(1): 107-124.
    23. Yárnoz-YabenS. Attachment style and adjustment to divorce. Spanish J Psychol, 2010. 13(01): 210-219.
    24. Bottonari KA, Roberts JE, Kelly MA, Kashdan TB, Ciesla JA. A prospective investigation of the impact of attachment style on stress generation among clinically depressed individuals. Behav Res Ther. 2007 Jan 1;45(1):179-88.
    25. Ainsworth MD, Blehar MC, Waters E, Wall SN. Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. 2014: Psychology Press.
    26. Ly T., Relationship Between Adult Attachment Styles, Hostile Attribution Bias and Aggression. 2010, University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
    27. Akbari Z., Vafaei T, Khosravi S, Relationship between attachment styles and the resiliency amount of veterans wives. Tebe-e-Janbaz, 2011. 3(10): 12-7.
    28. Green SB. How Many Subjects Does It Take To Do A Regression Analysis. Multivariate Behav Res,1991 26:3, 499-510.
    29. Connor, K.M. and J.R. Davidson, Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor‐Davidson resilience scale (CD‐RISC). Depress Anxiety, 2003. 18(2): 76-82.
    30. Hazan, C. and P. Shaver, Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. J pers soc Psychol, 1987. 52(3): 511.
    31. Olson DH, Portner J, Lavee Y. Family adaptability and cohesion evaluation scales (FACES III). St. Paul: University of Minnesota, Fam Soc Sci, 1985.
    32. Feeney JA.,  Noller P. Attachment style as a predictor of adult romantic relationship. J Pers Soc Psychol, 1990; 58: 281-291.
    33. Crowell JA., Fraley RC., Shaver PR. Measurement of individual differences in adolescent and adult attachment. 2008.
    34. Besharat MA. Finding a criteria for normal attachment in adults. University of Tehran; 2000 [persian].
    35. Olson DH., Killorin EE. Clinical Rating Scale for the Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems. Family Social Science, üniversity of Minnesota, 1983.
    36. Vandvik IH., Eckblad GH. FACES III and the Kvebaek Family Sculpture Technique as measures of cohesion and closeness. Fam Process, 1993. 32(2): p. 221-233.
    37. Mazaheri, ML., Habibi, M., Ashoori, A. Psychometric properties of Persian version Family Cohesion and Flexibility Scale (IV-FACES). Iranian J Psychiatr  Clin Psychol, Vol. 19, No. 4, Winter 2014, 314- 325.
    38. Hagh Ranjbr, k., A.R, Borjali, A, Bemas.H, Resiliency and life quality in mothers of children with mental retardation. J H Psy, 2011. 1(1): 177-187[persian].
    39. Yazdekhasti, H., Studying the interactive effect of family structure and identity on selective attention to images of modern and traditional homes, in Department of Family. 2009, Shahid Beheshti University: Tehran.
    40. Shahyad S, Pakdaman S, Tavakoly M, Asadi M, Siavoshi H, Miri M, Alipour AS. The Relationship between attachment style and motive, content and number of using SMS. Procedia-Soc Behav Sci. 2011 Jan 1;15:887-90.
    41. Butzer, B. and L. Campbell, Adult attachment, sexual satisfaction, and relationship satisfaction: A study of married couples. Personal relation, 2008. 15(1): 141-154.
    42. Besharat, M., M. Golinejad, and A. Ahmadi, An investigation of the relationship between attachment styles and interpersonal problems. Iranian J Psychiatr Clin Psychol, 2003. 8(4): 74-81.
    43. Hejazi, E., The quality of friendship, friendship reciprocity and resilience. J  Behav Sci, 2011. 4(4): 319-325.
    44. Ghahvehchi-Hosseini F, Manshadi, E, Mohammadi A, Pirzad Jahromi G, Hatef B. Evaluation of persistance effect Acute Social Stress Test on the Alpha Band Power. J Mol Med, 2018;20(5):509-518.